Modern schooling is developed in response to the question ‘ how to teach children. We have ready made knowledge; teachers filled with ‘knowledge’ and a designated space called schools where the teaching is to be done. Year after year children are brought here to be taught. But once we seriously ask ‘how children learn’ the whole structure will crumble. Teaching is conditioning, memorizing and belief making and learning is awakening, exploring and creating knowledge. In the teaching paradigm knowledge is the starting point and in learning paradigm knowledge is the result. In order to understand how children learn we need to study children in non-coercive environments. There no better space than the cognitive conditions that indigenous community’s provide for children.